Not single drives, but multiple drives in parallel on raid or ZFS can be way faster.
Also, not my ISP. Someone up on St Louis MS actually has a 10gig link from his ISP to his house that he did that test on. Our speedtest server still needs a 10gig card to test against, but we do have two 10gig links leaving the building in different directions for redundancy. Lately we're hitting about 4gigs of customer traffic at peak times.
There are now network cards capable of transferring at 100 Gb/s, and the newer NVMe SSD drives can take advantage that bandwidth capacity (one drive alone still doesn't have that kind of transfer speed(yet)).